: ORGANIC SEED PRODUCTION AND SEED
(s) : Anders Borgen
Key words (5) : Seed, certification, derogation, accession,
of your paper (200 words) :
Organic farmers must use organic seed
material if such seed are available. If not available, conventional seeds can
be used. This request exists in all accredited standards for organic farming.
In the EU-regulation on organic production methods, the derogation from the use
of organic seed material will only exist until the end of 2003. After this date
only organic seed material may be used according to the present formulation.
Only a few countries in the EU have an
organic seed production able to supply the market for organic seed material. It
takes many years to develop a well functioning market for organic seeds. It is
therefore unlikely that the derogation for the use of organic seed material
will not be extended, since a majority of countries in the EU will still have a
need for conventional propagated seeds. However, it will be needed to have
standards and control procedures ensuring that organic seeds will be used if
available. This includes definitions of “availability”. There is a need in both
EU and in accession countries to develop criteria for seeds health in organic
seeds and other seeds not treated with fungicides, and to implement inspection
procedures to control that conventional seeds are only used when organic seeds
are not available.